اثرات تغییرات آب و هوا (انگلیسی)

An Introduction to Climate Change
What it could mean to you and your family

Climate change is changing our economy, health and communities in diverse ways. Scientists warn that if we do not aggressively curb climate change now, the results will likely be disastrous.

 

The Basics

Carbon dioxide and other global warming pollutants are collecting in the atmosphere like a thickening blanket, trapping the sun’s heat and causing the planet to warm up. Although local temperatures fluctuate naturally, over the past 50 years the average global temperature has increased at the fastest rate in recorded history. Scientists say that unless we curb the emissions that cause climate change, average U.S. temperatures could be 3 to 9 degrees higher by the end of the century. The United States Global Change Research Program (which includes the Department of Defense, NASA, National Science Foundation and other government agencies) has said that “global warming is unequivocal and primarily human-induced” and that “climate changes are underway in the United States and are projected to grow.”

 

What it means to you

Climate change is a complex phenomenon, and its full-scale impacts are hard to predict far in advance. But each year scientists learn more about how climate change is affecting the planet and our communities, and most agree that certain consequences are likely to occur if current trends continue. In addition to impacting our water resources, energy supply, transportation, agriculture, and ecosystems, the United States Global Change Research Program concludes that climate change also poses unique challenges to human health, such as: Significant increases in the risk of illness and death related to extreme heat and heat waves are very likely. Some diseases transmitted by food, water, and insects are likely to increase. Certain groups, including children, the elderly, and the poor, are most vulnerable to a range of climate-related health effects. These impacts will result in significant costs to our families and the economy.

 

Solutions

Here’s the good news: technologies exist today to make cars that run cleaner and burn less gas, modernize power plants and generate electricity from nonpolluting sources, and cut our electricity use through energy efficiency. The challenge is to be sure these solutions are put to use. NRDC is tackling global warming on two main fronts – cutting pollution and expanding clean energy. Transitioning to a clean energy economy will bring new jobs and reduce air pollution. We can’t afford to wait.

Source : nrdc.org

 

climate change   تغییرات آب و هوا

economy   اقتصاد

health   سلامت

diverse   گوناگون

warn   هشدار دادن

curb   تحت کنترل دراوردن

disastrous   فجیع

pollutant   آلاینده

fluctuate   نوسان داشتن

average   متوسط

emission   انتشار آلاینده

unequivocal   بدون ابهام

phenomenon   پدیده

impacts   اثرات

predict   پیش بینی کردن

affect   تحت تاثیر قرار دادن

consequences   عواقب

occur   رخ دادن

water resources   منابع آب

agriculture   کشاورزی

conclude   نتیجه گیری کردن

vulnerable   اسیب پذیر

solution   راه حل

modernize    مدرن کردن

generate   تولید کردن

energy efficiency   بهره وری انرزی

expanding   گسترش

 

اثرات تغییرات آب و هوا (انگلیسی)
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